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The Kibbutz—Utopian Socialist Community
  • Inspired by socialism, Zionism, agrarian ideals and necessity, young Zionists created unique collective communities dedicated to equality and communal ownership of all wealth.
  • They worked cooperatively in decision-making, production, consumption, welfare and education.
  • The first kibbutz was established by 12 young pioneers in 1909 at Degania.
  • The kibbutz movement became one of the largest communal movements in history.
  • Today Israel has 270 kibbutzim with 130,000 people. Though they are less utopian and agricultural than they were originally, they still try to uphold the idealism of their founders.